How did the south address the issue of President Johnson’s Reconstruction policy after the Civil War specifically regarding former slaves? What radical group in Congress emerged in opposition to Johnson’s plan and what did they propose? What did moderate Republicans in Congress propose that reflected the future of former slaves and how did President Johnson react? What major piece of United States legislation addressed principles of citizenship for former slaves and what did it entail? Finally, what measures did Congress take in 1867 that launched the period known as Radical Reconstruction?