1. State the Premises (Argument) of SINGER in about a page long. The conclusion has been stated below and that is where you can find the premises of SINGER’S argument.
Conclusion: Anything with the potential to become a person (full-fledged human being) does not have the right to life (Singer, “The Moral Status of the Embryo,” p. 87, first full paragraph).
The whole argument is in the first full paragraph, although you will need some ideas from the previous pages to understand “full-fledged human being”, which equals being a person. Person is a common term in philosophy that commonly denotes a “rational agent” or “a being with the capacity to reason.” The term is not without some controversy, like many things in philosophy, and we will see with Sherwin that she does not use it in exactly this sense.
To help you with the argument, the idea is that we can move from something being a potential person to have the same or similar properties as an actual person, a full-fledged human being that can exercise their capacity to reason. This argument questions that move.
2. Summarize SINGER’S Article in another paper. Attached is a summary example for the Storch piece. Use this as an exemplar on how to do the summary of SINGER. The point is to find the main arguments or argument and articulate them clearly. You are not supposed to be exhaustive in the summary, but the reader should have a clear idea of what is argued in the piece and how it is argued. If the author presents a key objection or an opposing view, be sure to include that as well in the summary. Each summary should be between one to two pages, less than that is not acceptable, but having more than two pages is fine. Just do not go on too long, make it be a clear summary, articulating the main thesis of the piece and the problem being discussed as well as the key arguments.