The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) also used its
power to investigate communist activities. In 1947, HUAC went after a group
of left-wing writers, directors, and producers. The Hollywood Ten refused to
testify against themselves. They were sent to prison anyway. A blacklist
named entertainment figures who were thought to have communist ties.
Communists working in academic institutions, labor unions, and city halls
were also blacklisted.
1. Why were the Hollywood Ten sent to prison? (video)
2. How were HUAC and the Smith Act meant to discourage communism in the
3. What does the word academic mean in the underlined sentence?