Answer the following two questions using at least 400 words for the entire response (200 per question).
1. Usually when people discuss morality, the idea is that the moral thing to do is to avoid being selfish and/or be good to other people. Yet the story of Gyges involves a person with an invisible ring doing terrible things and acting selfishly. What do you think Plato’s point is here about human nature and morality? It might help to use the following quote to guide your response: (tip: “the just” here means a morally good person & unjust = morally bad)
“Suppose now that there were two such magic rings, and the just put on one of them and the unjust the other. No man can be imagined to be of such an iron nature that he would stand fast in justice. No man would keep his hands off what was not his own when he could safely take what he liked out of the market, or go into houses and lie with any one at his pleasure, or kill or release from prison whom he would, and in all respects be like a God among men.”
2. The story of the ring of Gyges is a challenge to the entire existence of morality – why do think that is the case? What is this challenge all about?